By Terry L. Erwin
A synthesis of the category, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) residing within the Western Hemisphere. less than every one taxon account, the old nomenclature, distribution on the state and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal talents, Seasonal incidence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an intensive, approximately entire bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle contain the subsequent: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a basic altitudinal type, habitat/microhabitat info, seasonality, and below habit notes on diel task, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are awarded. info of dispersal energy, or the aptitude of dispersal, i.e. wing situation, flight facts, strolling, operating, burrowing and hiking files, so far as is understood is incorporated. Species brought are famous with their possible region of starting place. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity significant other to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), may be an vital instrument for anyone drawn to ground-beetles in keeping with se and their ordinary historical past, in addition to their position within the surroundings and value to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, local, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used end result of the remarkable quantity of data that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the type of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up to date on a six month cycle through Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).
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Additional info for A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
MICROHABITAT: Near Plummers Island, Maryland, adults of this species are found with those of N. lacustris under stones on gravel bars at the mouth of Rock Run. Elsewhere, found on the banks of clear, swift rivers and brooks under the shade of trees and shrubs on wet, bare, stony ground. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Wing-dimorphic, but flight of the macropterous form has not been recorded. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in March – November; copulating pairs in August; teneral adults in May – August, mostly before July.
Larval hibernation is normal. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003), Lindroth (1961) 36 | A TREATISE ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE CARABOIDEA. VOLUME I Nebria (Catonebria) ingens ingens G. Horn 1870 CUP-FOOTED GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria ingens ingens G. Horn, 1870:98 Nebria raveni Van Dyke, 1953:102 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – CA. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, 3350 – 4150 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Granite talus slopes at the edges of glaciers, snowfields, and runoff streams. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running.
Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Lowlands to midlands, 140 – 1100 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Moderately hygrophilus, but not confined to the borders of permanent waters, though adults always occur on rather wet ground. On river banks, they prefer the cover of shrubs and trees, often in the dead leaves. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Macropterous, probably capable of flight. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in June – September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under stones.