By John Dumbrell
This e-book examines the historical past folks international coverage because the Vietnam struggle. It specializes in 4 subject matters: the legacy of Vietnam; the finishing and aftermath of the chilly struggle; the controversy over American overseas decline; and the often undemocratic behavior folks international coverage. The ebook considers substitute motives for the chilly War's finish. It evaluates the overseas coverage management of Presidents Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton and assesses clients for US international coverage after the chilly warfare.
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Extra resources for American Foreign Policy: Carter to Clinton
The Carter Administration was hopeful that American Jewish opinion would divide over the issue of the West Bank. 71 Against this background, Sadat made his historic decision to travel to Israel and to address the Israeli parliament. The Egyptian leader's initiative effectively foreclosed the Geneva conference option, ending controversial US efforts to recruit Geneva co-chairman, the USSR, into the process . The Knesset address (of November 1977) produced little else of substance. Begin began, rather unconvincingly, to speak of a form of 'autonomy' for Gaza and the West Bank.
The American Administration's reaction was intense and extreme. 67 In his January 1980 State of the Union Address, the President promulgated the Carter Doctrine: Let our position be absolutely clear; an attempt by any outside force to gain control of the Persian Gulf region will be regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the United States of America, and such an assault will be repelled by any means necessary, including military force/" A barrage of anti-Soviet measures was announced. Risking electoral retribution in the farm states, Carter proclaimed a suspension of grain sales to the USSR.
American appeasement would, in any case, simply make 'the conservative whites in South Africa' even more 'fearful of accepting any compromise solution'. 56 The Vance-Young approach bore fruit in the Rhodesia/Zimbabwe settlement. ) It was evident also in early efforts to persuade South Africa to quit, or at least hold free elections in, Namibia; in a muted American reaction to the April 1977 invasion of Zaire by secessionist forces from Angola ('Shaba 1'); and in an extension of South African trade restrictions, notably to commodities destined for police use.