An Introduction to the U.s. Congress by Charles B. Cushman

By Charles B. Cushman

What does Congress do? How does it do it? Why is it any such advanced establishment? This concise primer deals scholars and normal readers a quick and systematic advent to Congress and the position it performs within the US political approach. Drawing on his adventure as a former Congressional employees member, the writer explores different political natures of the home and Senate, examines Congress's interplay with different branches of the government, and appears forward to the household and international demanding situations which are more likely to force the Congressional schedule for many years to come back. The publication presents revealing insights into the sometimes-contradictory Congressional tasks of illustration and lawmaking; oversight and appropriation; and handling and organizing the govt.. It contains a case learn (on the formation of the dept of native land safety) that sheds mild on Congress's often-complicated tactics. The ebook additionally contains boxed good points on Congressional motion - highlighting such issues as dossier sharing and scholar loans - that express scholars how Congress's paintings impacts their lives. Chapter-ending lists of net assets upload to the book's usefulness.

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28 Unfortunately for him, Oliver Cromwell saw through his designs, recognizing that the king “had amply proved himself to be an impossible person with whom to negotiate. ”29 So Cromwell decided to end the standoff between the crown and Parliament by removing the king from power permanently. 31 His sons had already fled London to preserve the succession, leaving England without a king. In May 1649, the House of Commons declared the monarchy illegal and disbanded the House of Lords. Once enacted, these laws forced the House of Commons to take up the reins of government alone, and it did so with limited success.

Unlike the House, senators would serve long terms, and only one-third of them would face election67 at a time. Long terms and staggered elections would insulate the Senate from day-to-day politics, allowing ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF THE CONGRESSIONAL SYSTEM 37 the chamber to reflect more on issues. The Framers hoped that this would allow the Senate, unlike the House, to consider the national interest as it made laws. So the Framers met the need for ratification by addressing the concerns of both large and small states with their Great Compromise.

The 1600s showed them the dark side of human nature and made them nervous about the ability of a free people to govern itself. The story of Oliver Cromwell’s rise to power, from gentleman farmer to member of Parliament to soldier to Parliament’s commanding general to Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (in fact, he was military dictator of the country), loomed large in the minds of Englishmen on both sides of the Atlantic. His example would be a major argument in favor of limited government for the next two centuries.

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