By M. Waterbury
This ebook investigates the connection among states and transborder ethnic teams in japanese Europe. It makes use of the case of Hungary, which has long-standing ties to the approximately 3 million ethnic Hungarians in neighboring international locations, to deal with why and the way kin-states take motion on behalf in their ethnic diasporas, and the results of that engagement for neighborhood relatives and family politics. The ebook argues that it isn't ethnic association, yet elite political pageant inside of a newly liberalized post-communist celebration process, including eu Union integration, that either drives elevated engagement with ethnic relations out of the country, and constrains its most threatening types.
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Extra resources for Between State and Nation: Diaspora Politics and Kin-state Nationalism in Hungary
By including an external population under the scope of governance and political responsibility, the focus of legitimacy shifts from the political community of the state to the cultural community beyond state boundaries. Defining membership in this way focuses political discourse and attention on an ethnically narrow understanding of belonging, thereby excluding those within the state who do not fit that definition and narrowing the possibilities for dissent and contestation. By exploring these two facets of nationalism, we can understand both the drive for the Hungarian state to express itself as a kin-state and the fault lines of debate and contestation over how best to fulfill that role.
43 In addition, an informal network of cross-border political ties was cultivated. The building and strengthening of clientelistic networks was vital in keeping alive the political influence of Budapest and Hungarian state policy focused on the annexed territories. Influential refugees from the annexed territories, such as the aristocratic Bethlen and loyal members of the former Hungarian civil service, played a large role in the development of cross-border political and economic ties. indd 35 9/3/2010 7:51:26 PM 36 ● Between State and Nation the elaborate system of social organizations created to shield high-profile members of the Hungarian state from accusations of interference.
The independent power of transborder ethnic ties to mobilize voters has proven to be relatively weak in post-communist Hungary. In fact, perceived radicalism or overemphasis of the ethnic kin issue often provokes a backlash, both from voters, and from those in the diaspora policy world, who fear the potential negative consequences of radicalism in Hungary for the ethnic kin communities in the neighboring countries. To the purely instrumentalist argument, then, it is necessary to add a constructivist understanding of the unique nature of kin-state nationalism: its symbolic content and how it fits together (or not) with other relevant political debates and emerging cleavages.