By Bradley D. Pearce
The quest to find the etiology of schizophrenia has involved and pissed off researchers for greater than a century. lately, there was an accumulation of experimental and epidemiological facts aiding the function of viral infections in schizophrenia pathogenesis. This becoming physique of facts has gathered to the purpose the place the mainstream clinical group can not forget about it. Drawing on his learn adventure in organic psychiatry and neurovirology, Dr. Pearce offers the 1st booklet committed solely to a severe appraisal of the viral speculation of schizophrenia.
This booklet is an enlightening and worthy source for psychiatrists, psychologists, neurobiologists, and their scholars. by way of integrating the most recent findings in virology and immunology with present innovations within the pathophysiology of the non-affective psychotic issues, this good illustrated quantity disentangles many of the sub-theories of the viral speculation, and lays the foundation for extra centred explorations of the mechanisms through which viruses can cause severe psychological ailment.
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Extra info for Can a Virus Cause Schizophrenia?: Facts and Hypotheses
Several case studies demonstrate that SSPE can produce catatonia and other psychotic symptoms that may be confused with schizophrenia. This is conveyed clearly in the following case report, which was abstracted from Ducalf et. al (Duncalf et al. 1989): 3. Encephalitis and schizophrenia 47 The patient was a 21 year-old female whose infectious disease history was notable for measles at the age of one year. She had no previous psychiatric disorders, and denied use of prescription or illegal drugs.
As shown in figure 8, the major cells populating the adult immune system are derived from self-renewing stem cells in the bone marrow. These pluripotent stem cells turn over constantly as they differentiated along "myloid" or "lyn 'ioid" lineages under the influence of cytokines in the micro-environmem )f the bone marrow. Some of the cytokines responsible for orchestrating lineage decisions of immune cells are also critical participants in the differentiation of neural cells during embryogenesis (Mehler et al.
Any age group can be affected, but most congenital cases are caused by HSV-2 while the majority of other cases are caused by HSV-I. Although the annual incidence of herpes simplex encephalitis is only about I in 300,000, more than half of untreated cases are fatal, and most of the survivors have permanent neuropsychiatric sequela. HSV-1 is a very common virus. The majority of people (80-90% in the United states) become infected with HSV-I at some point in their lifetime (Whitley 1997). " Most adult cases of herpes encephalitis arise from these latent infections but the route by which the virus gains entry to the eNS parenchyma has not yet been deciphered.