By Xiaolan Fu
Over the last 3 a long time, China has skilled quick monetary progress and a desirable transformation of its undefined. besides the fact that, a lot of this luck is the results of business imitation and China's carrying on with good fortune now is based seriously on its skill to reinforce its indigenous innovation strength. during this e-book, Xiaolan Fu investigates how China can increase a technique of compressed improvement to become a number one leading edge country. The ebook attracts on quantitative and qualitative study that comes with cross-country, cross-province and cross-firm research. huge multi-level panel datasets, specific survey databases, and in-depth case experiences are explored. varied theoretical ways also are used to envision the motivations, stumbling blocks and results of China's innovation with a much broader dialogue round what different nations can research from China's event. This booklet will attract students and policy-makers operating in fields resembling innovation coverage, know-how administration, improvement and overseas economics and China stories.
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Extra resources for China's Path to Innovation
R&D expenditure and intensity in the middle and the western regions have been increasing, but the levels of knowledge stocks still remain at a lower level. It is worth noting that the large R&D spending and R&D intensity in the Gansu, Shaaxi and Shaanxi regions may be explained by the inherited R&D facilities, including military research bases, government research institutions and universities, which were located there for strategic reason during the cold war. In addition to R&D expenditure, the large regional disparities are also observed in relation to innovation output.
ItemId=/content/chapter/factbook-2013-60-en. 3 Composition of R&D by types of activities: basic research, applied research and experimental development Source: China Statistical Yearbook (1999–2013). big proportion of the increase in R&D expenditure in the past decades can be attributed to the investment in experimental development. To sustain the rapid growth of R&D expenditure, strong ﬁnancial supports from various channels are essential driving forces. 4 shows that the growth of R&D expenditure is mainly supported by enterprises.
Being aware of the divergence among regions and the risk that the gap will further enlarge, the central government launched the ‘Go West’ strategy in 2000 to accelerate convergence. R&D expenditure and intensity in the middle and the western regions have been increasing, but the levels of knowledge stocks still remain at a lower level. It is worth noting that the large R&D spending and R&D intensity in the Gansu, Shaaxi and Shaanxi regions may be explained by the inherited R&D facilities, including military research bases, government research institutions and universities, which were located there for strategic reason during the cold war.