Coastal Altimetry by J. Benveniste (auth.), Stefano Vignudelli, Andrey G.

By J. Benveniste (auth.), Stefano Vignudelli, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Paolo Cipollini, Jérôme Benveniste (eds.)

Preface.- bankruptcy 1: Altimetry Missions: earlier, current and future.- bankruptcy 2: From learn to Operations: The USDA international Reservoir and Lake Monitor.- bankruptcy three: person requisites within the coastal ocean for satellite tv for pc altimetry.- bankruptcy four: Re-tracking altimeter waveforms close to the coasts: A evaluation of retracking tools and a few purposes to coastal waveforms.- bankruptcy five: diversity and geophysical corrections in coastal areas - and implications for suggest sea floor determination.- bankruptcy 6: Tropospheric corrections for coastal altimetry.- bankruptcy 7: Surge types as services of more suitable "Inverse Barometer Corrections" for Coastal Altimetry Users.- bankruptcy eight: Tide Predictions in Shelf and Coastal Waters: prestige and Prospects.- bankruptcy nine: Post-processing altimeter information towards coastal functions and integration into coastal models.- bankruptcy 10: Coastal demanding situations for Altimeter facts Dissemination and Services.- bankruptcy eleven: In situ Absolute Calibration and Validation - A hyperlink from coastal to open-ocean altimetry.- bankruptcy 12: advent and evaluation of stronger coastal altimetry ideas: case-study over the North Western Mediterranean Sea.- bankruptcy thirteen: satellite tv for pc Altimetry purposes within the Caspian Sea.- bankruptcy 14: satellite tv for pc Altimetry functions within the Black Sea.- bankruptcy 15: satellite tv for pc Altimetry purposes within the Barents and White seas.- bankruptcy sixteen: satellite tv for pc Altimetry functions off the Coasts of North America.- bankruptcy 17: overview of Retracking Algorithms over China and adjoining Coastal Seas.- bankruptcy 18: satellite tv for pc altimetry for geodetic, oceanographic and weather reports within the Australian region.- bankruptcy 19: Lakes experiences from satellite tv for pc altimetry.- bankruptcy 20: the way forward for Coastal Altimetry.

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5 cm RMS compared to 5 cm RMS for the tandem phase in 2002) and Fig. 1e shows the merger of altimetry products onto the historical gauge data record. Overall, the benchmarking team concluded: “So far, the program has made great strides towards meeting the immediate needs of the OGA, and the requirements of other intragovernmental and public users. Product latency typically falls with the desired limits, products span the globe touching on many crop production and crop security regions, and product accuracy is sufficient for many lakes and reservoirs in the GRLM system”.

For those missions in the same orbit, where the follow-on mission operates synergistically with its predecessor during a “tandem-phase”, the height bias between the two instru­ ments can be deduced and the products merged. With different mission orbits the instruments are sampling lake surfaces at different locations where wind, ice, and other surface characteristics differ. In complex regions suffering from the effects of excessive abstraction 38 C. Birkett et al. of water or drought (like the Aral Sea and Lake Chad), phase and amplitude differences between observed variations found across the basin will also be common.

During collinear analysis, the repeat tracks are assumed to have perfect alignment to facilitate separation of sea surface height variations from the geoid. However, orbit perturbations caused by atmospheric drag and solar radiation pressure cause departures from the nominal repeat path introducing errors from the slope of the local geoid. Over most of the ocean, a departure from the nominal repeat path is typically limited to ±1 km translating into an error of 1–2 cm. , Lake Tanganyika), these geoid-related errors can be a few centimeters.

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