By Meral Ugur Cinar
This examine seeks to give an explanation for the impression of old narratives at the inclusiveness and pluralism of citizenship types. Drawing on comparative historic research of 2 post-imperial center international locations, Turkey and Austria, it explores how narrative types function to help or constrain citizenship versions.
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Extra info for Collective Memory and National Membership: Identity and Citizenship Models in Turkey and Austria
These regions mostly cover the provinces with significant Kurdish population. 59 With this law, all previous rights and titles associated with the Aşiret system (tribal system of the southeast) came to an end and its members were resettled in accordance with the law. 60 This law tried to create a homogenous nation-state based on the Turkish culture, but it was not exclusionary towards minorities, provided that they accepted Turkish culture. The wording of the law, as well as deliberations around the law, provide ample evidence on how the organicist historical narrative was used in framing citizenship issues in order to justify an inclusionary homogenous national identity.
In the justification of this article of the Constitution, it is stated that the state does not recognize any nation within the country except the Turkish one. ’ The 1961 Turkish Constitution, which was the most liberal Turkish constitution and which made extensive reference to social issues and rights, did not refer to minority issues and rights. 7 Turkish history and civics textbooks also echo the inclusionary and homogenizing character of Turkish nationalism. 10 In addition to being legally enforced and officially promoted, the homogenizing inclusion of Turkish citizenship is also evident in the socio-political life of Turkey.
According to the storyline, in this process, on the one hand various peoples belonging to other ethnic groups were Turkified. This facilitated the Turkification of Anatolia as was the case with the locals and devshirme boys which was explained above. On the other hand, the Turkish entities were unified under one rule. In the earlier books Turkification is used as a subheading for almost every era that is analysed. 53 The process leading to the Turkification of Anatolia and the unification of Turkish political entities in Anatolia still constitute an important part of the history education in Turkey.