Competitiveness of New Industries: Institutional Framework by Cornelia Storz, Andreas Moerke

By Cornelia Storz, Andreas Moerke

Many contemporary books on details and verbal exchange applied sciences pay attention to person nation reviews or overlook to investigate political components along side entrepreneurial ones. This e-book, the results of a global study undertaking, contains a complete comparability of 3 key international locations: Japan, the USA and Germany. The booklet adopts an institutional process.

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Additional info for Competitiveness of New Industries: Institutional Framework and Learning in Information Technology in Japan, the U.S and Germany (Routledge Studies in Global Competition)

Sample text

NTT called for the outright scrapping of the requirement that it should share the fixed phone network with companies (Jiji Tsûshin Kigyo¯ Nyûsu, 2004). METI has expressed the concern that the high telecommunications prices resulting from limiting competition stunt the growth of downstream uses of telecommunications technology, such as the use of the Internet. Weak regulation has kept prices in Japan higher than in the United States and Germany. 1). High telecommunications prices have meant that dial-up Internet access in Japan has been expensive.

It was envisioned to produce high quality and high value-added machines, to require few natural raw materials and little energy, to use skilled labour power, and to have expanding domestic and international markets. METI obtained IBM patents and distributed them to select domestic companies with track records – Fujitsu, Hitachi, NEC, Toshiba, Mitsubishi Electric, Oki and Matsushita. All these firms, apart from Matsushita which withdrew in 1964, have remained the major Japanese computer companies and have been strategically protected and subsidized by the government.

G. referring to transaction cost theories. It starts from the concept of ‘open innovation’, which is relatively new in the literature and a fascinating concept since it includes a new perspective of the consumer, whose role is interpreted more as a proactive one. Referring especially to lead users, its role changes from a rather passive to a more creative one are analysed. The concrete example that is discussed in this contribution is based on a research project with adidas-Salomon AG. In the second sub-section of Part III, the other side of the coin is examined through analyses of the social construction of institutions and technology.

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