Complex Sentence Constructions in Australian Languages by Peter Austin

By Peter Austin

Over the last fifteen years, descriptions of Australian Aboriginal languages have supplied vital facts for the typological examine of morpho-syntactic phenomena. the current quantity offers descriptions of advanced sentence phenomena in ten Australian languages and offers very important new fabric during this sector of present main issue in linguistics. advanced sentences are defined both from a syntactic or from a semantic (discourse-functional) viewpoint. The papers draw on information from commonly allotted and, in a few circumstances, formerly undescribed languages. between others descriptions of the (so-far) poorly recognized non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia, in addition to Pama-Nyungan languages crucial and northern Australia are incorporated during this quantity.

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Givon points out that the same perceptual categorisation is rele­ vant in regular definite description. For instance, given the human species as it is currently constituted ((58) (=Givon's (115))) and given a predominantly English-speaking environment ((60) (=Givon's (116))) the restrictive mod­ ifiers in (58) and (60) are somewhat bizarre since they do not distinguish the figure ('counter-norm') from the ground ('norm'), unlike (59) and (61): (58) A woman with two arms came into my office and ...

4 Subject matter complements Some complements which have been dubbed subject matter complements above, as in examples (10) and (11), present a problem for the logical entail­ ment analysis of REL subordination in that the truth of the proposition con­ tained in their subordinate clauses is not entailed by the respective sentences. 2) that a pragmatic definition of 'presupposition' as that 'already given within the universe of discourse' or what 'speaker assumes hearer knows or admits' would be applicable here.

Merlan 1981, Rumsey 1982, McKay 1987). What appears to be unusual about Kuniyanti, and has not been reported in any other Australian language, is that there is also a class of non-subordinated clauses which are equally multifunctional, and embrace a similar range of adnominal and adsentential modifying relations. In other words, there exists in Kuniyanti a class of conjoined, as well as a class of subordinated "generalised relative clauses". It is necessary to contrast the two types, subordinate and conjoined, in order to elucidate the thesis of this paper.

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