Contemporary Political Ideologies by Anthony Wright, Roger Eatwell

By Anthony Wright, Roger Eatwell

This significant new textual content seriously assesses the major political ideologies of the twentieth century. The Nineteen Seventies and Nineteen Eighties witnessed a flowering of latest and renowned ideologies, reminiscent of feminism and ecologism, and a revival of others, significantly liberalism. The upheavals of the early Nineteen Nineties have initiated clean debate among significant thinkers at the nature of ideology, a lot of it although opposed or polemical. "Modern Political Ideologies" examines in an aim scholarly demeanour the evolution of key political ideologies and assesses their impression and improvement through the twentieth century. This quantity is key interpreting for all scholars of politics, and certainly someone who has an curiosity in present occasions and needs to obtain a deeper knowing of the character, scope and ambition of other ideologies.

It is now to be had in a revised and extended moment edition(1999).

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In general terms it represented a recrystallisation of social and class structures after the tectonic shifts and eruptions of the Industrial Revolution. The manual workforce, whether or not employed in technologically advanced industry, adapted to the reality and permanence of industrial society or sought better prospects overseas. As Edward Thompson put it, they ‘proceeded to warren it from end to end ... 10 The propertied (except for occasional brief panics) no longer lived in fear of the mob.

And whereas ... the Kings, Chiefs, and other peoples of various territories in the basin of the River Niger ... have ceded the whole of their respective territories to the Company ... and whereas the Company ... have purchased the business of all the European traders in the region aforesaid and are now the sole European traders ... 16 The charter went on to prohibit the RNC from establishing a trade monopoly, or discriminating commercially against foreign nationals, but effectively negated the significance of that prohibition by stipulating that ‘foreigners alike with British subjects will be subject to administrative dispositions in the interests of commerce and order’.

The ideological foundations were being laid for the annexations and colony-seizure that was to follow, with Africa as the principal theatre. In 1872 the British agent Sir Bartle Frere coerced the Arab Sultan of Zanzibar, 26 Global Expansion ruler of a trading empire that had in 1832 shifted its base from the Oman and the nominal overlord of wide domains in East Africa, into putting his signature to a treaty that ostensibly prohibited slave trading within his territories. The question of that commerce and the difficulty of extirpating it by diplomatic or informal means was to be made into a favourite piece of rhetoric employed by the interests promoting commercial penetration and territorial takeover in that part of the continent.

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