Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook, Volume 1 by Anke Ludeling, Merja Kyto

By Anke Ludeling, Merja Kyto

This instruction manual presents an updated survey of corpus linguistics. Spoken, written, or multimodal corpora function the foundation for quantitative and qualitative learn on many questions of linguistic curiosity. the amount contains sixty one articles through the world over popular specialists. They cartoon the historical past of corpus linguistics and its dating with neighboring disciplines, exhibit its strength, speak about its difficulties, and describe a variety of equipment of accumulating, annotating, and looking out corpora, in addition to processing corpus info. it truly is up to date and a whole guide together with either an outline and specified discussions. It collects quite a few specialists in a single and a similar quantity.

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Chomsky (1959c, 576) is the famous review of B. F. Skinner’s book Verbal Behavior. There is a surprising statement concerning the object of study: “The behavior of the speaker, listener, and learner constitutes, of course, the actual data for any study of language”. Chomsky then concedes that a generative grammar for a language only indirectly characterizes these abilities, but even so, given the context where the claim is made, it must be considered a category mistake. The basic data of grammatical theory and description are (real) sentences (utterances) and intuitions about them.

I believe that John is honest is true. , 66) That the plane flew at all was marveled at by them. , 83) The giving of the lecture by the man who arrived yesterday assisted us. (Fraser 1970, 91) The rumor that the report which the advisory committee submitted was suppressed is true is preposterous. (Langendoen 1970, 99) It proves that it’s true that Tom’s thinking that it would be a good idea for him to show that he likes it here that he’s told everyone that he’s staying. , 101) (11) *What an idiot I thought Tom was.

G. seldom. Thus, (9) would be grammatical in Idiolect A but ungrammatical in Idiolect B. Some of Klima’s grammaticality judgements are controversial, e. g. the proclaimed ungrammaticality of *Did John drink any bourbon? or *a not clear formulation (a search of the Internet supplies several authentic examples of the latter type, e. g. a not clear enough definition). These measures of restricting debatable intuition-based generative grammaticality judgements and the theoretical claims resting upon them to dialects and even idiolects were a methodological decline.

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