By B. Spalek
This booklet examines community-based techniques to counter-terrorism via an research of the notions of neighborhood, partnership, engagement, gender and faith so one can shed new mild at the capability of, and disadvantages to those ways. Dr. Spalek stresses the necessity for coverage makers and practitioners to mirror at the effectiveness of the projects that they're engaged with, really when it comes to how community-targeted or community-focused they are.
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Extra resources for Counter-Terrorism: Community-Based Approaches to Preventing Terror Crime
Kohn, 2002: 4) Furthermore, there appear to be a number of factors that affect popular and/or community support for terrorism. It is important Community-Based Approaches to Counter-Terrorism 31 to consider the social programmes that some terrorist groups may provide, for example, the charitable work supported by Hamas. The IRA responded to law and order issues in Northern Ireland when police were distrusted by the majority of Catholics. The suffering of the collective may also influence public support in that if the atrocities committed by terrorists are deemed disproportionate and have created significant suffering within a community, then support for the terrorist group(s) may decline (Bloom, 2004).
A key tension that is focused upon is that of what may be thought of as comprising a community-targeted approach as opposed to a community-focused approach. It is suggested that whilst some counter-terrorism policy officials, practitioners and communities actively promote a community-targeted approach, others involved in counter-terrorism promote a community-focused approach. It is likely that tensions between the two approaches will be ongoing for the foreseeable future. ‘Community’: a neglected concept in terrorism and counter-terrorism research, policy and practice Community and counter-terrorism Whilst the notion of community features within peace-building literature, there remains a level of contestation over the relevance of the notion of community to counter-terrorism.
Pdf (date accessed 6 January 2012). Middlesex University (2010) ‘Tackling Hatred Head On: Working with Hate Crime Offenders’, Symposium, 21 September. Neumann, P. (2009) Old and New Terrorism. Cambridge: Polity Press. Nikolic-Ristanovic, V. (2008) ‘Local Conflicts and International Interventions: Victimisation of Civilians and Possibilities for Restorative Global Responses’, Contemporary Justice Review 11(2): 101–15. Pantazis, C. and Pemberton, S. : The Impact on Minority Communities’, Criminal Justice Matters 73: 12–14.