By Colin Clarke
During this sequel to Kingston, Jamaica: city improvement and Social swap, 1692 to 1962 (1975) Colin Clarke investigates the function of sophistication, color, race, and tradition within the altering social stratification and spatial patterning of Kingston, Jamaica considering independence in 1962. He additionally assesses the lines - created via the doubling of the inhabitants - on labour and housing markets, that are themselves vital parts in city social stratification. exact consciousness is additionally given to color, type, and race segregation, to the formation of the Kingston ghetto, to the function of politics within the construction of zones of violence and drug buying and selling in downtown Kingston, and to the contribution of the humanities to the evolution of nationwide tradition. a different function is the inclusion of a number of maps produced and compiled utilizing GIS (geographical info systems). The ebook concludes with a comparability with the post-colonial city difficulties of South Africa and Brazil, and an evalution of the de-colonization of Kingston.
Read Online or Download Decolonizing the Colonial City: Urbanization and Stratification in Kingston, Jamaica PDF
Similar city planning & urban development books
This designated textual content offers the environmental background of the lowland delta of the rivers Rhine and Meuse. it's an ecological tale of evolving human-environmental kin and the way they take care of weather swap and sea-level upward thrust. The textual content deals a mixture of in-depth ecology and environmental heritage.
The classical box facing earthquakes is named “earthquake engineering” and regarded to be a department of structural engineering. In tasks facing suggestions for earthquake danger mitigation, city making plans ways are frequently overlooked. this day interventions are wanted on a urban, instead of a development, scale.
Within the wake of urbanization and technological advances, public eco-friendly areas inside towns are disappearing and other people are spending extra time with digital units than with nature. city Horticulture explores the significance of horticulture to the lives, future health, and health and wellbeing of city populations. It contains contributions from specialists in study and perform from around the usa, discussing the historical past, value, and merits of chosen subject matters in city horticulture.
- African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power
- Financing Economic Development
- Sustainable brownfield regeneration: liveable places from problem spaces
- Communism on Tomorrow Street: Mass Housing and Everyday Life after Stalin
- Climate and Disaster Resilience in Cities (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management)
Extra info for Decolonizing the Colonial City: Urbanization and Stratification in Kingston, Jamaica
For the Chinese and East Indians, endogamy remained the ideal, though both groups had an excess of males, who entered into cohabitation or extra-residential mating with black women. The representation of religious groups in Kingston during the postemancipation period is adequately summarized by the 1881 census. At that date one-quarter of the inhabitants of Kingston parish were Anglican, onequarter Methodist, 17 per cent Catholic, and 8 per cent Baptist. There were also small numbers of Jews and ‘pagans’—mostly Hindus.
By the middle of the nineteenth century 500 pupils were enrolled at Wolmer’s School, but few entry scholarships were awarded and the system of fee-paying virtually excluded blacks. Basic educational standards had improved immensely by 1921, when the literacy rate reached almost 80 per cent in Kingston and 64 per cent in St Andrew. But while the educational system Wtted the blacks for their lowly social role it did not prepare them economically. Craftsmanship and mechanical skills were neglected, and for many years the only source of trained labour was the reformatory at Stony Hill in St Andrew (Clarke 1975a).
The pantheism and ancestor cults of the Coromantins from the Gold Coast were gradually incorporated into the beliefs of the entire slave population. Slaves lived in fear of the spirits of the dead, and often engaged obeah men (practitioners of black magic) to manipulate malevolent duppies (ghosts). Baptism came to be viewed as a protection against black magic and became an end in itself. This presented a major obstacle to the nonconformist missionaries at the end of the slave period. Furthermore, black bible-class leaders channelled slaves into unorthodox beliefs and often established break-away cults (Curtin 1955).