European Integration and the Iberian Economies by George N. Yannopoulos

By George N. Yannopoulos

An exam of the problems raised by way of the alternative of alternate concepts for the promoting of industrialization and fiscal progress by way of targeting the adventure of the Iberian economies in the course of the technique of their phased integration with the ecu neighborhood. during this quantity, a number of economists learn the event of the Iberian international locations with their preferential buying and selling preparations with the EEC and EFTA which will verify the effectiveness of those preparations as a part of a complete method for financial improvement. when you consider that those preferential buying and selling preparations have been designed to behave as "incubators" for the revolutionary integration of the Iberian nations with the ecu neighborhood, the ebook additionally examines how some distance they accomplished the target of getting ready the 2 economies for complete club of the ecu group.

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From this evidence it is difficult to advocate further devaluations over the medium-term, particularly considering the high levels of inflation already induced. In any case its capacity to improve competitiveness and profitability(6) depends on whether the variation in the implicit exchange rate exceeds the corresponding variation in the official exchange rate, which may be difficult given the likely high values of the import content of exports and the degrees of pass-through to domestic prices.

During most of the last thirty years Portuguese exports did not grow as fast as those of the other countries; the main reason being the lower income elasticity of demand for Portuguese exports related to the characteristics of goods exported. During the recent period 1977-83 Portuguese exports have outperformed the comparison group, but this growth has not had a commensurate(3) effect on the growth of output. In fact, one of the most striking features of the recent experience is that the actual growth rate has been less than half of the growth allowed for by the trade multiplier.

4 billions, that is, 54% and 28% of total household savings, respectively. Moreover, this is mostly spent 0n keeping a high level of disguised unemployment in the public sector. However,to avoid the depressing effects (very likely given the weakness of the private sector) of a dampening in domestic demand we cannot advocate a reduction in the level of public spending. There could, however,be a major shift in the composition of total spending, diverting it towards increasing the dynamism of the esternal sector and to satisfying basic needs.

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