From the Brain to the Mouth: Acquired Dysarthria and by Y. Lebrun (auth.), Yvan Lebrun (eds.)

By Y. Lebrun (auth.), Yvan Lebrun (eds.)

The ebook bargains new insights into obtained dysarthria in adults in addition to a close dialogue of the issues raised by means of the character, review and remedy of received dysfluency in adults. It highlights the relationships that receive among the 2 stipulations and proposes a neurobiological interpretation of stuttering.
The booklet is designed for neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, neurologists, neuropsychiatrists, speech therapists and speech scientists.

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Additional info for From the Brain to the Mouth: Acquired Dysarthria and Dysfluency in Adults

Example text

C) Principally, sentence utterances show a tendency towards syllable isochrony. However, due to prosodic and phonological demands such as word stress or contrast between German long and short vowels syllables actually do not present with equal lengths. Increased syllabic isochrony ('scanning speech') has been reported in cerebellar and bulbocerebellar dysfunctions (Kent et al. 1979; Kent and Rosenbek 1982). As a measure of intra-utterance variability of syllable durations the 'durational scanning index' was introduced (Ackermann and Hertrich 1993): Scanning index = [(sl sI * s2 * s3 * s4 * s5 + s2 + s3 + s4 + s5)/5]5' Ackermann and Hertrich (1993) applied the scanning index fonnula to each single utterance.

The diphthong was chosen for illustration because of the dynamic character of the formant structure typical for the production ofthis phone. Figure 5 displays the same diphthong uttered by a normal speaker using a broad-band spectrogram. A comparison of Figures 4 and 5 highlights the relatively little change in the formants in LS's two productions. The March 9 production, like many of LS 's vowels, was considerably neutralized. Interestingly, the March 22 production shows greater second formant excursion than the March 9 production.

SCHULTZ, G. (I 989b) Stop consonant production in isolated and repeated syllables in Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychologia, 27, 829-838. , HOUSE, A. (1988) A note on the variability of timing control. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 31, 497 -502. , BROWN, J. (l969a) Differential diagnostic patterns of dysarthria. Journal o/Speech and Hearing Research, 12,246-269. , BROWN, J. (1969b) Clusters of deviant speech dimensions in the dysarthrias. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 12,462-496.

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