By Roberto Tuberosa, Andreas Graner, Emile Frison
Our lives and health in detail depend upon the exploitation of the plant genetic assets on hand to our breeding courses. for that reason, extra vast exploration and potent exploitation of plant genetic assets are crucial must haves for the discharge of more advantageous cultivars. for this reason, the awesome development in genomics ways and extra lately in sequencing and bioinformatics deals unparalleled possibilities for mining germplasm collections, mapping and cloning loci of curiosity, choosing novel alleles and deploying them for breeding reasons. This ebook collects forty eight hugely interdisciplinary articles describing how genomics improves our potential to symbolize and harness normal and artificially brought on version for you to develop crop productiveness and supply shoppers with high quality nutrients. This publication may be a useful reference for all these drawn to handling, mining and harnessing the genetic richness of plant genetic resources.
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Additional info for Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources: Volume 1. Managing, sequencing and mining genetic resources
Smith et al. occurred during the 1960s due to continued changes in crop management practices coupled with more effective plant breeding. ” (Mackay et al. 2011). Following the completion of the UK 2012 wheat harvest yields, a farm survey estimated to be 14 % below the five year moving average due to the wettest growing season in a century (NFU 2012); consequently, wheat and food prices are expected to rise (Malik 2012). UK wheat yields in 2012 were equivalent to lower mean yields last seen as a result of good harvests during the late 1980s (NFU 2012).
2011). 2 Intellectual Property Protection It is critical that both public and private resources be optimally invested into research and product development required for plant breeding. A strong and effective public sector is vital to provide a global foundation of more basic research, education and for the conduct of plant breeding, most especially in circumstances where the private sector is absent or inadequate to meet farmers’ needs by region and/or by crop. Many public sector institutions seek IPP.
Phillips · R. A. O. com E. S. , 3054 East Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, Raleigh, North Carolina 27709–2257 R. Tuberosa et al. 1007/978-94-007-7572-5_2, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014 27 28 J. S. C. Smith et al. to obtain intellectual property protection (IPP) are important to allow the private sector to invest in research and product development. Morphological data are currently the criteria by which varieties are judged to meet the criteria for Plant Variety Protection (PVP); similar data also form an important component of patent filings.