By Jannis Kallinikos
Details produced and disseminated via an interlocking ecology of computer-based structures and artifacts at the moment offers the basic capacity for making plans organizational operations and controlling organizational performances. This e-book describes the very important importance that electronic info acquires in restructuring firms.
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Extra resources for Governing Through Technology: Information Artefacts and Social Practice
Culture, on the other hand, makes extensive use of material artefacts but predominantly as means of expressing cultural predispositions rather than as means of instrumenting cause–effects or procedural sequences. In contrast, technology has an unmistakable outcome orientation (Castoriadis, 1987). It may be used in symbolic ways (gaining legitimacy, signalling modernity) but only by virtue of its pronounced instrumental orientation and the connotations that are or may get tied to such an orientation.
Technological design may not unambiguously determine use, but it is not devoid of implications either. Indeed it would be reasonable to assume that design and use, possibility and actuality are interrelated in many and complex ways that have to be disentangled conceptually and studied empirically over time. A key lesson that emerges from the critical reappraisal of the emphasis put on local relations concerns the degree to which core properties of a technological system may condition its very negotiability and local appropriation (Kallinikos, 2002, 2004b, 2004c; Pollock, Wiliams, & D’Adderio, 2007).
Recognizing the contingent character of most social outcomes does not necessarily preclude theorizing of the type I advocate here. , Borgmann, 1984, 1999; Castells, 1996, 2000). After all, an important part of the scientific endeavour should aim at disclosing how generic forms are implicated in particular instantiations and vice versa (Cassirer, 1955). , bureaucracies/hierarchies) and (b) rationalized action schemes deriving predominantly from the prevailing cultural models of thinking and doing (Kallinikos, 2004a, 2006).