Introduction to Enh. Oil Recov. EOR Procs., Bioremediation by L. Romero-Zeron

By L. Romero-Zeron

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18 Introduction to Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Processes and Bioremediation of Oil-Contaminated Sites Fig. 10. Polymer Flooding: Emerging Trends Advances in Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes 19 Fig. 11. CC/AP Gels: mind map of the mechanisms, benefits, limitations, and problems encountered during oilfield applications of CC/AP gels (Lyons & Plisga, 2005; Sydansk & Romero-Zerón, 2011).  pH Sensitive Polymers. This technology aims the use of low-cost, pH-triggered polymer to improve reservoir sweep efficiency and reservoir conformance in chemical flooding.

E. surfactants) dissolved in the injection water that lower the interfacial tension (IFT) between the oil and water from an original value of around 30 dynes/cm to 10-3 dynes/cm; at this low IFT value is possible to break up the oil into tiny droplets that can be drawn from the Advances in Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes 21 rock pores by water (Van Dyke, 1997). There are two common chemical flooding: micellarpolymer flooding and alkaline or caustic flooding. 1 Micellar-polymer flooding Micellar-polymer flooding is based on the injection of a chemical mixture that contains the following components: water, surfactant, cosurfactant (which may be an alcohol or another surfactant), electrolytes (salts), and possible a hydrocarbon (oil).

19-23 April: Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2008. 1-10. , Tabary R. & Grassl B. "How to get the Best Out of Hydrophobically Associative Polymers for IOR? " SPE paper 129884 presented at the 2010 SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium. Tulsa, 24-28 April: Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2010. 1-12. , & Grassl B. "Injectivity of Hydrophobically Modified Water Soluble Polymers for IOR: Controlled Resistance Factors vs. " SPE Paper 140779 presented at the 2011 SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry.

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