Introduction to Psycholinguistics: Understanding Language by Matthew J. Traxler

By Matthew J. Traxler

This textbook deals a leading edge advent to psycholinguistics, exploring the cognitive strategies underlying language acquisition and use.

offers a step by step journey via language acquisition, creation, and comprehension, from the be aware point to sentences and dialogue
accommodates either concept and knowledge, together with in-depth descriptions of the experimental facts in the back of theories
includes a entire evaluation of study in bilingual language processing, signal language, examining, and the neurological foundation of language construction and comprehension
techniques the topic from quite a number views, together with psychology, linguistics, philosophy, desktop technology, neurology, and neurophysiology

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Extra info for Introduction to Psycholinguistics: Understanding Language Science

Sample text

When early Homo sapiens fossils were compared to Australopithecus afarensis, Homo erectus, and Neanderthal specimens, only early Homo sapiens had the kinds of nerve tracts that are associated with modern humans. This enhancement of breathing control not only increases the range of speech sounds that people can produce, it also increases the absolute amount of time they can speak without stopping to catch their breath. Non-human vocalizations in primates are limited to about 5 seconds. 15 The fossil record shows that human ancestors before Homo sapiens emerged, between about 70,000 and 200,000 years ago, had some of the cultural and physical characteristics of modern humans, including making tools and cooking food.

The last common ancestor of humans and chimpanzees lived between about 5 million and 8 million years ago. Bonobos are physically similar to chimpanzees, although bonobos are a bit smaller on average. Bonobos as a group also have social characteristics that distinguish them from chimpanzees. 9 Despite the physical similarities, the two species are biologically distinct. By testing both a chimpanzee and a bonobo, SavageRumbaugh could hold environmental factors constant while observing change over time (ontogeny) and differences across the two species (phylogeny).

Color perception and color words work similarly to emotion. Most languages have seven or fewer basic color terms (Kay & Maffi, 1999). 20 The next term to appear will be red, followed by yellow, green, or both yellow and green. After that group, blue, brown, purple, pink, orange, and gray show up. No language has a term for orange that does not also have a term for red, just as no language has a term for confused unless it also has a word for happy. These similarities in color classification may reflect the fact that all people (minus the color-blind) have the same underlying physical mechanisms and processes for color perception.

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