Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory (Oxford Studies in by Bambi B. Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, Paul V. Kroskrity

By Bambi B. Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, Paul V. Kroskrity

"Language ideologies" are cultural representations, even if particular or implicit, of the intersection of language and people in a social international. Mediating among social constructions and kinds of speak, such ideologies usually are not in simple terms approximately language. fairly, they hyperlink language to identification, strength, aesthetics, morality and epistemology. via such linkages, language ideologies underpin not just linguistic shape and use, but in addition major social associations and basic nottions of individual and community.The essays during this new quantity research definitions and conceptions of language in quite a lot of societies world wide. members specialise in how such defining task organizes language use in addition to associations corresponding to non secular ritual, gender family, the countryside, education, and legislation. starting with an introductory survey of language ideology as a box of inquiry, the quantity is prepared in 3 components. half I, "Scope and strength of Dominant Conceptions of Language," focuse at the propensity of cultural versions of language built in a single social area to impact linguistic and social habit throughout domain names. half II, "Language Ideology in associations of Power," maintains the exam of the strength of particular language ideals, yet narrows the scope to the crucial function that language ideologies play within the functioning of specific associations of energy comparable to education, the legislation, or mass media. half III, "Multiplicity and rivalry between Ideologies," emphasizes the life of variability, contradiction, and struggles between ideologies inside any given society. it will be the 1st number of paintings to seem during this quickly starting to be box, which bridges linguistic and social concept. it is going to significantly curiosity linguistic anthropologists, social and cultural anthropologists, sociolinguists, historians, cultural experiences, communications, and folklore students.

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16. For examples of such challenges to intentionah'ty, see Duranti 1992, 1993; Du Bois 1992; Graham 1993; Hill and Irvine 1992; Morgan 1991; and Stroud 1992. 17. See especially Keenan 1974, Eckert 1989, Ochs 1992, Kulick 1993, and SmithHefner 1988. Eckert and McConnell-Ginet 1992, and Gal 1991 offer particularly useful reviews of this substantial literature. 18. On education, see for example, Heath 1983, Cook-Gumperz 1986, and Collins 1991. Collins 1995 reviews much of the voluminous work on school language and literacy.

Akinnaso, F. Niyi. 1991. Toward the Development of a Multilingual Language Policy in Nigeria. Applied Linguistics 12:29-61. Althusser, Louis. 1971. Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. London: New Left Books. Alvarez, Celso. 1991. The Institutionalization of Galician: Linguistic Practices, Power and Ideology in Public Discourse. D. , University of California, Berkeley. Alvarez-Caccamo, Celso. 1993. The Pigeon House, the Octopus and the People: The Ideologization of Linguistic Practices in Galiza.

Note that Thompson does not restrict domination to class domination as the classical Marxist tradition did. 5. " 28 INTRODUCTION 6. Lenin and other Marxists who cast ideology as a positive programmatic tool in a struggle for power are exceptions to the association I posit between power-centered and negative views. 7. But note that not all social scientific uses are actually neutral. 8. Most commentators agree that Mannheim ultimately found himself quite trapped in this reflexive vision of ideology.

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