Learning by Doing in Markets, Firms, and Countries (National by Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Daniel M. G. Raff, Peter Temin

By Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Daniel M. G. Raff, Peter Temin

Learning via Doing in Markets, businesses, and Countries attracts out the underlying economics in enterprise background by means of concentrating on studying strategies and the advance of competitively priceless asymmetries. The essays exhibit that corporations, like humans, examine that this technique will be prepared roughly successfully, which could have significant implications for the way festival works.

The first 3 essays during this quantity discover concepts companies have used to either deal with details to create important asymmetries and to another way suppress unwelcome festival. the subsequent 3 concentrate on the ways that organisations have equipped unique functions over the years, functions which were either assets of aggressive virtue and resistance to new possibilities. The final expand the proposal of studying from the extent of agencies to that of countries. the gathering as an entire builds at the prior volumes to make the relationship among details constitution and product industry results in enterprise history.

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2 19. Comparison of the patenting and assignment data for individuals from the B sample whom we could locate in city directories with similar information for individuals whom we could not suggests that such a bias is probably present. 20. Because there is a significant group of patent assignments for which we were unable to determine the association (or lack thereof) between the patentee and the assignee, the actual figures for assignments by employees to employers were likely somewhat higher. However, the qualitative result that patentees assigning to their employers did not account for a large share of the assignments of patented technologies seems firm.

Comparison of the patenting and assignment data for individuals from the B sample whom we could locate in city directories with similar information for individuals whom we could not suggests that such a bias is probably present. 20. Because there is a significant group of patent assignments for which we were unable to determine the association (or lack thereof) between the patentee and the assignee, the actual figures for assignments by employees to employers were likely somewhat higher. However, the qualitative result that patentees assigning to their employers did not account for a large share of the assignments of patented technologies seems firm.

16 A second approach uses the longitudinal data on our B patentees to explore the extent to which there were stable, ongoing relationships between patentees and assignees. 6, we present, for different classes of patentees, a measure of the degree of "contractual mobility," where contractual mobility is defined as the number of different assignees over time to which a patentee 16. Once again, however, it is important to note that the time interval between application for a patent and issue by the Patent Office also increased over this period.

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