Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy by Robert D. Putnam

By Robert D. Putnam

Why do a little democratic governments prevail and others fail? In a ebook that has got recognition from policymakers and civic activists in the US and around the globe, Robert Putnam and his collaborators provide empirical facts for the significance of "civic neighborhood" in constructing profitable associations. Their concentration is on a special test started in 1970 while Italy created new governments for every of its areas. After spending 20 years reading the efficacy of those governments in such fields as agriculture, housing, and wellbeing and fitness companies, they show styles of associationism, belief, and cooperation that facilitate strong governance and financial prosperity.

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5, shows how, particularly after 1976, the balance of opinion swung sharply toward support for more independence from national party dictates. In the early 1970s supporters of national party discipline outnumbered critics by more than two to one, whereas by 1989 critics outnumbered supporters by more than four to one. These changing attitudes appear to be reflected in behavior, as well. Marcello Fedele reports that the fraction of all regional government coalitions that shifted in the aftermath of national cabinet crises steadily declined between 1970 and 1990.

41 We have no direct evidence on voters' motives, to be sure, but in the world of practical politics, perceptions have an importance of their own. Councilors see regional elections less and less as mere midterm referenda on national politics. Increasingly they believe that they hold their political fate in their own hands.

Did it reshape the distribution of political power and influence? Did it lead to changes that were perceptible to the constituents of the new governments, and if so, what was their assessment? What evidence is there of the leverage that institutional change is said to exert on political behavior? A primary concern of this study is to explore the origins of effective government. To lay the basis for that inquiry, Chapter 3 presents a comprehensive, comparative evaluation of policy processes, policy pronouncements, and policy implementation in each of the twenty regions.

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