Marine Mineral Resources (Ocean Management and Policy) by Fillmore Earney

By Fillmore Earney

Up to now century, scientists, global statesmen, and overseas marketers became more and more conscious of the potential for the oceans as a resource of minerals. This publication presents an authoritative photograph of the present kingdom of marine mineral extraction. an enormous paintings of reference, will probably be crucial interpreting for either these engaged in maritime experiences and for pro corporations serious about the extraction of underwater minerals. Professor Earney provides an outline of our marine endowment and the way this can be being exploited. He examines current and destiny customers for ocean mining, in particular for the demanding minerals, and considers programmes directed at increasing our skill to take advantage of the ocean's mineral wealth. He additionally identifies the industrial, political and technological difficulties which prevent and should even hinder ocean mining, and examines intimately modern political difficulties touching on legislations of the ocean negotiations and the ensuing United countries conference. He experiences our current wisdom of deep seabed minerals and their exploitability, taking a look specifically on the continental cabinets and together with analyses of petroleum assets and the $64000 yet usually ignored placers, development aggregates, business fabrics and sea-water minerals.

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This fear led to the first truly broad-based efforts to codify law-of-the-sea principles. 12 The participants discussed and adopted these four important conventions that helped codify existing law-of-thesea (LOS) principles. The Geneva Conventions (which entered into force at varying dates) dealt with 1 2 3 4 the territorial sea and the contiguous zone; the high seas; fishing and the conservation of living resources of the high seas; the continental shelf. 13 For example, no adequate fisheries regime developed to protect coastal states from foreign fishing fleets along their shores.

8 (Nov. 1986), pp. ; b. ‘International’, Oceans Policy News (Sept. 1987), p. 1; c. ‘Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention’, Oceans Policy News (Aug. 1987), p. 1; d. Fisk, Law of the Sea Officer, UN, NY, 8 Dec. 1987; e. ‘Law of the Sea Ratifications’, Special Report: the Preparatory Commission, February 27–March 23 1989, Council on Ocean Law, Washington DC, 1989, p. 1. UNCLOS III participants and the variety of topics included in the Convention— not to mention the constant demands for delegates to have made compromises at the UNCLOS negotiations—it would be naive to expect all states to have an immediate national consensus for ratification.

What has been oceanic space open to all capable of DEEP SEABED POLITICS AND MINERALS 23 using it is now becoming the private domain of the coastal states—a revolutionary development, some would say. Or is it? In reality, the EEZ concept was not spawned solely from the efforts of UNCLOS III; it has identifiable antecedents. During the past century, many states have developed ‘contiguous zones’23, areas that extend varying distances beyond their outer territorial sea limit, whose purpose is to protect the national integrity of the state from coastal piracy, drug running, smuggling, and illegal immigration.

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