Marx's Theory of Ideology by Professor Bhikhu Parekh

By Professor Bhikhu Parekh

Although Marx’s idea of ideology has been a subject matter of substantial dialogue, a lot of the controversy has proved to be quite disappointing. there was no systematic try and research why Marx needed the concept that of ideology, why it was once an incredible thought for him and the way it regarding his perspectives on fact and objectivity. This booklet, first released in 1982, considers those and different missed questions. It explains why Marx endured to take advantage of the time period ideology all through his lifestyles to intend either idealism and apologia and lines the advanced ways that, in accordance with Marx, such gifted writers as Hegel grew to become apologists. In end the publication outlines the teachings Marx learnt from his investigations into the character and mechanism of ideology and discusses his theories of objectivity and truth.

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This is equally true of the captialist. Hence each meets the other not as a unique individual, but as 'an individual member of a class', as 'a class individual'. The wage relation conceals the economic reality in other respects as well. The capitalist appears to pay for the worker's labour; in fact, he only pays for the use of his labour power. Again, the capitalist appears to pay the worker from his past savings. In actual fact, his variable capital from which he pays the worker is built up [rom the latter~s own previous labour.

They are as ideological as the appearances they conceptualise. As long as he continues to think in terms of them, he is unable to transcend and evaluate the social order. Further, the vulgar writer sees around him men and women who define themselves as independent, equal and self-determining individuals engaged in free bargaining, exercising un coerced choices, exchanging equivalent values and freely determining their lives. The individual is the basic unit on the surface of society, and hence the vulgar writer accepts it as the basic premise of his thought.

The contract has "three moments', namely 'the subjects', the 'objects' and the 'act' of exchange itselfl9 It appears as a relationship between two equally independent and self-determining individuals. Further, each 'serves the other in order to serve himself and seems to be involved in a relationship Base and Vulgar Writers 65 of strict 'reciprocity'. Their relationship appears as an exchange of equivalent values in which no one seems to have taken a 'one-sided advantage' of another. Finally, it appears to be free and uncoerced.

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