By Jean Burnet
In this examine of the issues of social association in a rural neighborhood of Alberta, a drought-afflicted wheat-growing zone centring around the city of Hanna is defined because it seemed to the sociologist in 1946.
Dr Burnet examines geographical and fiscal stipulations in Hanna, and exhibits how farming practices, methods of dwelling, and modes of tenure introduced into the world from extra humid areas proved unwell tailored to the dry belt and not on time monetary adjustment. In flip, the problems within the realm of economics had opposed social and cultural effects in either the families and the neighborhood as a whole.
The Hanna quarter used to be selected for learn, even though now not altogether standard, since it printed extra sincerely than different components no longer so seriously hit by means of the drought of the Thirties the type of disturbances in the Alberta social constitution which made attainable the increase of the Social credits movement.
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Extra resources for Next-Year Country: A Study of Rural Social Organization in Alberta
4 The most numerous and best organized ethnic group is the GermanRussian, located in the immediate neighbourhood of the town of Hanna. It is the most distinct minority in the region, the only one looked upon by the dominant group as a threat. 5 The first German-Russians came in with the rest of the homesteaders, by way of the Dakotas and Washington. They were accepted as members of the community. Some of their customs—for example, their ways of cooking—were thought barbarous, but others were imitated.
The telephone and the automobile have not regained the role they once had in the community. When there were strong neighbourhood ties, these facilities had great importance in social life, but now that the ties are weak, they provide little aid to local communication. Telephones are, of course, numerous once more. They would be costly because of the distance between farmsteads if it were not for mutual telephone systems and barbed-wire telephones. Mutual systems are co-operative: subscribers help install the lines and keep them in repair.
Cars and trucks are thought to be necessities, and farmers own one or both, in a recent model. People drive forty or fifty and even seventy or eighty miles to a moving-picture show or a dance. 20 They have the means for visiting neighbours, but the same means serve for visiting friends fifty or a hundred miles away, or in large cities and towns. Communication within the local community has broken down. There has been a decrease in common understanding and common participation, and a weakening of social co-ordination and control.