By Mohammad Qadeer
This is the 1st English-language survey of Pakistan’s socio-economic evolution. Mohammad Qadeer supplies an important assessment of social and cultural transformation in Pakistan seeing that independence, that is an important to knowing Pakistan’s most probably destiny path.
Pakistan examines how culture and relatives lifestyles proceed to give a contribution long-term balance, and explores the parts the place very speedy adjustments are occurring: huge inhabitants raise, urbanization, financial improvement, and the character of civil society and the kingdom. It deals an insightful view into Pakistan, exploring the wide variety of ethnic teams, the geographical region, faith and neighborhood, and pop culture and nationwide id. It concludes through discussing the most likely destiny social improvement in Pakistan, fascinating scholars and teachers drawn to Pakistan and multiculturalism.
Qadeer’s amazing paintings is a accomplished exam of social and cultural forces in Pakistani society, and is a vital source for someone desirous to comprehend modern Pakistan.
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Extra resources for Pakistan: Social and Cultural Transformation (Routledge Contemporary South Asia Series, 1)
Modernization initially occurred in Europe and North America, therefore its institutional forms bear a stamp of westernism. It is often used synonymously with the emergence of Western social institutions and cultural practices in a developing country. Yet conceptually modernization is independent of westernization. It is a process of change leading to the promotion of the above-described norms and institutions. Many modern products and mores were initially forged in Europe and North America. The Western packaging of modern institutions makes their diffusion in the Third World synonymous with the spread of westernism.
Social consequences of these structural changes in the economy took the form of divisive fissures within the middle and lower classes between PPP supporters and opponents. Bhutto cultivated relations with Islamic countries and tilted Pakistan’s foreign policy partially away from its long dependence on the USA. Close relations with Iran, the Gulf states, and Libya opened avenues for employment abroad. A steady stream of Pakistani labor started going to these states for jobs. This circulatory migration grew over time to become a major source of foreign exchange earnings and family incomes.
Pakistan’s large farms have been mechanized (use of tractors) and chemicalized (reliance on fertilizers, miracle seeds, and pesticides), its industries have multiplied with the introduction of new manufacturing activities, and now information technology is taking hold. Technological advances in particular and economic development in general have introduced new occupations and changed patterns of consumption. All in all, the material and technological bases of society are changing, leading to the realignment of the social organization of production.